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By Joseph Braude A video by Saudi youth seeks to promote scientific reasoning and civil discourse. How do Saudi youth view their country’s foreign policies, domestic policies, and future? The question is especially important because Saudis under the age of 25 amount to 51 percent of the population; add Saudis into their mid s and the number approaches 75 percent. Amid alarming unemployment rates and a push to end the welfare state through drastic reforms and austerity measures, young people’s loyalty to the establishment over the next few years will be severely tested. I recently had the opportunity to gauge Saudi youth perspectives through some fresh statistical data. Saudi Arabia’s Depth Consulting, a new private research company, has conducted a significant opinion survey of the population. The study was self-funded–intended to serve as a loss leader for the company to stimulate interest among potential clients in the Gulf, as well as test its own machinery for polling and metadata research computation.

Is Mt. Sinai in Saudi Arabia, by Gordon Franz

They are thought to date back to the first centuries BC or AD. The find sheds new light on the evolution of rock art in the Arabian Peninsula and is the subject of an article published in Antiquity February The sculptures, some incomplete, were executed on three rocky spurs there.

MT. SINAI IS NOT AT JEBEL EL-LAWZ IN SAUDI ARABIA. Gordon Franz 41 Garwood Rd. Fair Lawn, NJ Paper presented at the ETS / NEAS meeting Thursday, November 15, .

This fact, in addition to a strict interpretation of Islam termed Wahhabism, has resulted in the creation of a highly religious national identity. Saudi Arabia is also home to more than 10 million foreigners who have relocated for work, including over , European and North American expatriates. Although Arabic is the official language, English is widely spoken, especially in business, and is a compulsory second language in schools.

The only Arab nation forming a part of the G20 economies, the kingdom has achieved high human development and currently ranks among high-income countries according to World Bank indices. Archaeological evidence shows that human beings have inhabited this area for over one million years, highlighting a long history of civilisation peppered by many different kingdoms and states and enriched by its geographical location at the heart of ancient international trade routes.

Modern-day Saudi Arabia is a traditional and highly conservative society, fundamentally based on strong religious values, beliefs, and customs to which it is expected that expatriates and visitors should respect and adhere.

Arab News

Aryn Baker May 23, With its vast oil wealth, Saudi Arabia has one of the highest concentrations of super rich households in the world. But an estimated 20 percent of the population, if not more, lives in crippling poverty. While the government has finally acknowledged that poverty is a problem in the kingdom, the world of the Saudi poor is largely hidden from sight to read more, see the new article on Saudi Arabia in the international edition of TIME, available to subscribers here.

Accessing this world is a difficult undertaking for foreign journalists, granted only with the assistance of a few dedicated social workers who risk government opprobrium to expose the realities of life lived on the margins.

A discussion of Galatians , Exodus and Numbers in relation to the location of Mt. Sinai.

Its inclusion expresses the view that the country is the personal possession of the royal family. In the case of the Al Saud , this is the father of the dynasty’s 18th-century founder, Muhammad bin Saud. Arabia underwent an extreme environmental fluctuation in the Quaternary that lead to profound evolutionary and demographic changes. Arabia has a rich Lower Paleolithic record, and the quantity of Oldwan-like sites in the region indicate a significant role that Arabia had played in the early hominin colonization of Eurasia.

In November hunting scenes showing images of most likely domesticated dogs, resembling the Canaan dog , wearing leashes were discovered in Shuwaymis, a hilly region of northwestern Saudi Arabia. These rock engravings date back more than years, making them the earliest depictions of dogs in the world. Initial analysis of the discovery concluded that the eastern province of Saudi Arabia was the homeland of the earliest settlers of Mesopotamia, and by extension, the likely origin of the Sumerians.

However, experts such as Joan Oates had the opportunity to see the Ubaid period shreds in eastern Arabia and consequently conclude that the shreds dates to the last two phases of Ubaid period period three and four , while handful examples could be classified roughly as either Ubaid 3 or Ubaid 2.

Saudi Arabia country profile

The national flag bears in white on a green field the inscription, in Arabic, “There is no god but Allah , and Mohammad is the messenger of Allah. The National Anthem is a short instrumental selection. The Saudi riyal sr is divided into 20 qursh piasters , in turn divided into 5 halalah. There are coins of 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, and halalah and notes of 1, 5, 10, 50, , and riyals.

The metric system has been officially adopted. Although Saudi Arabia is known to be the third-largest country in Asia, after China and India , its precise area is difficult to specify because several of its borders are incompletely demarcated.

Saudi authorities are preparing to auction billions of dollars of real estate and cars belonging to billionaire Maan al-Sanea and his company as they look to hasten an end to one of the kingdom.

Using Google Earth, Australian archaeologist David Kennedy has documented around stone walls believed to date back thousands of years clustered in the Harrat Khaybar region of the country. A decade later, he set up the Aerial Photographic Archive for Archaeology in the Middle East—an initiative to map the area that now has more than , aerial images. With the development of Google Earth and Bing Maps, he has been able to expand this database and, in his latest research, has used it to find the previously undiscovered stone structures.

Map showing the locations of some of the Gates. Their purpose, however, is unknown. Furthermore, the newly discovered Gates are unlike any other previously found. The Harrat Khaybar Gates vary greatly in size. The longest measures 1, feet in length, while the shortest is just 42 feet. Most appear in clusters—groups of two or more—and the spacing between them varies widely. Both Kites and Wheels are often found to be built on top of Gates—which Kennedy believes helps narrow down the age of the newly discovered structures—potentially back as far as 9, years.

So Gates may be up to or more than 9, years old, which takes one back to the Neolithic Age. The volcanoes are no longer active, but some of the Gates bear traces of lava, indicating they were still active after construction. This could also provide scientists with a way of dating the structures. However, they will need to visit the site to take samples for this to happen.

Saudi Arabia

Print this map Although there is evidence of human existence in Saudi Arabia dating back 20, years, the harsh climate prevented any permanent settling, and it wasn’t until the Ottomans expanded their empire in the 16th century that any major developments occurred. In , the first Saudi state was created near the region of Riyadh.

The founder of modern Saudi Arabia, Abd al-Aziz, captured Riyadh at the turn of the 20th century, and began his efforts to unify the many factions on the Arabian Peninsula. It took many decades but he enjoyed a large measure of success.

Saudi Arabia is a very conservative society in which women are covered from head to toe when in public as such what we in the rest of the world may consider a .

Comments License Photo Jan. Members of the royal family were demonstrating against the government’s decision to not pay their utility bills after they were ordered to leave the palace in Riyadh, the capital, according to the Okaz newspaper in a report by Bloomberg. The princes were sent to Ha’ir prison, a maximum-security facility south of Riyadh, according to the Saudi news website Sabq in an Al Jazeera report.

In November , several princes and other former and current officials were jailed in a crackdown by the government’s new anti-corruption committee. Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the year-old son and top adviser of King Salman, heads a newly established anti-corruption committee. They were detained at the Ritz Carlton in Riyadh. Also Saturday , King Salman ordered ways to help residents after the implementation of 5 percent value-added taxation and additional taxes on electricity and gasoline.

The crown prince is attempting to raise non-oil revenue and improve public finances because of low oil prices worldwide. The Saudi government will absorb the cost of the tax for citizens purchasing private healthcare and education.

Top 10 Everyday Things Banned in Saudi Arabia

The sole constitution that is used is the Quran, which all judges have to interpret conservatively. Many actions that are considered illegal have no actual written laws to ban them — a lot of them are not even addressed in the Quran. Some of these bans also occur in other countries, but this list is specifically about Saudi Arabia since I was born there and I grew up along with millions of others shackled by these laws.

The penalty for violating that rule would lead to the store being shut down. Also on that day, schoolgirls are prohibited from wearing anything red — not even a red scarf. Any girl that shows up to school with a hint of red is barred from entry and is sent home to change whatever it is that is red.

BEIRUT, LEBANON ( A.M.) – Former Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri will fly from Saudi Arabia to France, the French President’s office told the AFP News Agency on Wednesday.

News It has begun. We may as well just give Arnold Schwarzenegger our clothes right now… Saudi Arabia has made history by becoming the first country on Earth to grant citizenship to a robot. Sophia, an AI construct from Hanson Robotics, was on display at the Future Investment Institute panel in Riyadh on Wednesday, answering questions about humanity’s future at the heels of its robot overlords with friendly robots working at its side. Before the presentation, Saudi Arabia presented Sophia with honorary citizenship.

Like it was a person. And not a super creepy machine. In case you haven’t seen Sophia before, the bot has made headlines over the past couple years when its previous displays of “human-like” expression haven’t exactly impressed… Here she is on The Tonight Show back in April where Jimmy Fallon laughs at all her jokes and tells her he’s a huge fan of her latest project.

We think he thought she was Alicia Vikander. Here she is back in saying she’ll destroy all humans. We guess they hadn’t perfected the three laws program yet. And here she is on Wednesday, telling people who think she’s creepy to “get over it.

Rock art: Life

Excerpt This article will examine four aspects of the question regarding whether or not Mt. Sinai is located in Saudi Arabia. First, the credibility of the claims will be questioned. Second, the false assumptions by the proponents of Jebel al-Lawz will be disputed. Third, the Biblical evidence will be discussed.

Terrorism in Saudi Arabia has formerly been attributed to Islamic targets included foreign civilians— Westerners affiliated with its oil-based economy—as well as Saudi Arabian civilians and security forces. Anti-Western attacks have occurred in Saudi Arabia dating back to Saudi Arabia itself has been accused of funding terrorism in other countries, including Syria.

Around 2 million currently visit during Hajj alone, the annual pilgrimage that happens during the last month of the Islamic calendar. But activists charge that the recent destructions are part of a much wider government campaign to rub out historical and religious sites across the Kingdom. Over the last few years, mosques and key sites dating from the time of Muhammad have been knocked down or destroyed, as have Ottoman-era mansions, ancient wells and stone bridges.

Though the Saudi rulers have a long history of destroying historical sites, activists say the pace and range of destruction has recently increased. In recent years, the twin forks of Wahhabi doctrine and urban development have speared most physical reminders of Islamic history in the heart of Mecca. Saudi officials did not respond to interview requests, but in the past, they have said that the expansion project is necessary to cater to the ever-growing number of pilgrims to Saudi Arabia, a number forecast to reach 17 million by After blue markings appear on sites mentioned in Islamic histories, says Nawwab, then the bulldozers come—often in the dead of night.

Over a year ago, the split in Mount Uhud, north of Medina, where Muhammad was said to have been carried after being wounded in the famous Battle of Uhud was filled with concrete. A fence went up at the base of the mountain, warning would-be visitors that it was just a mountain, like any other. Six small mosques in Medina where Muhammad is believed to have prayed have been locked.

The response to the demolition activity in the Kingdom, by contrast, has been decidedly muted. Muslim governments, perhaps mindful of the power of the Saudis to cut their quotas for how many pilgrims can attend Hajj, have been strikingly silent on the issue. The Organization of the Islamic Conference has also been noticeably quiet on the destruction of the Saudi campaign.

Saad Hariri to leave Saudi Arabia for France: Macron

Sophisticated arms sales to Saudi Arabia spurring regional arms races With billions of petro-dollars, Saudi Arabia has been buying very modern, deadly weapons from America. Many of the systems on order, such as the M-1A2 Abrams main battle tank , M-2A2 Bradley armored vehicles , F E Strike Eagle attack aircraft and Patriot surface-to-air missile , are the top-of-the-line systems deployed with U.

A flurry of expensive arms sales followed the Gulf War.

Established in , the Saudi-based Arab News is the Middle East’s newspaper of record and the biggest English language daily in the Kingdom.

Saudi Arabia is the “only modern Muslim state to have been created by jihad , the only one to claim the Quran as its constitution”, and the only Arab-Muslim country “to have escaped European imperialism. Wahhabism arose in the central region of Najd , the eighteenth century. Proponents call the movement ” Salafism “, [8] and believe that its teachings purify the practice of Islam of innovations or practices that deviate from the seventh-century teachings of Muhammad and his companions.

Saudi is one of the few countries that have ” religious police ” also known as Haia or Mutaween , who patrol the streets ” enjoining good and forbidding wrong ” by enforcing dress codes , strict separation of men and women , attendance at prayer salat five times each day, the ban on alcohol, and other aspects of Sharia Islamic law or behavior it believes to be commanded by Islam. Cinema theatres were shut down in , for example.

In the privacy of the home behavior can be far looser, and reports from the Daily Mail and WikiLeaks indicate that the ruling Saudi Royal family applies a different moral code to itself, indulging in parties, drugs and sex. Businesses are closed three or four times a day [12] during business hours for 30 to 45 minutes while employees and customers sent off to pray ; [13] Because Friday is the holiest day for Muslims, the weekend is Friday-Saturday. In contrast, assigned readings over twelve years of primary and secondary schooling devoted to covering the history, literature, and cultures of the non-Muslim world comes to a total of about 40 pages.

U.S. Arms Clients Profiles

In early , the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Labor announced an overhaul of the Labor Law that would include 38 amendments the Amendments to its statutory provisions. As a whole, the Amendments purport to boost Saudization and increase workers’ rights in general, while a small number of provisions fall in favor of employers. The below description summarizes 10 noteworthy changes to the Labor Law out of the 38 total Amendments. Notice Period and Judicial Remedies Articles 75, 78, and 77 Originally, Article 75 forbade the termination of an indefinite term i.

Article 75 As amended, Article 75 now requires no less than 60 days notice and a “valid reason” to terminate an indefinite term contract. Article 78 As amended, Article 78 now explicitly repeals a former employee’s express statutory right to seek reinstatement from the Labor Commission if it is determined that he was terminated for an “invalid reason.

This is an excellent book on the history of Saudi Arabia, but not a staring place for the casual reader. Serious scholars should love it. Vassiliev provides a comprehensive account of the Saudi Royal family and their alliance with Wahhabi Islam, telling the story of how Saudi Arabia came to be established as a .

Saudi Arabia is a very conservative society in which women are covered from head to toe when in public as such what we in the rest of the world may consider a perfectly harmless picture will be considered porn in KSA. This is a society in which you will see your cereal box in the supermarket covered over with a sticker or a thick black marker pen to obscure the naked arms and legs of the model advertising the slimming effects of said cereal. So if you bring a harmless magazine into the country you may find it confiscated due to it containing images of women showing just too much cleavage or leg.

Will they check my laptop in Saudi Arabia? Saudi Pornography I have been asked many times if people will have their laptops, disk drives and flash drives inspected when they enter Saudi Arabia. While it has never happened to me or anyone I have ever known it is always a possibility. There are many rumors circulating about this being done, however I have never yet met anyone who can confirm this ever happening.

My personal opinion is that it would just take them far too long and be very ineffective unless they started to use IT experts to do their checks for them and quite frankly the Saudis are just too darn lazy to do it! Therefore I would not be overly concerned about pictures on my laptop, flash-drives or external disc drives unless I was actually bringing in real porn!

Saudi Dates Documentary film